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Research Output

Chapters in books

Booth, V.R. and Cumming, D. 2009. The development of a recreational hunting industry and its relationship with conservation in southern Africa. In B. Dickson, J. Hutton and W.M. Adams (Eds.), Recreational Hunting, Conservation and Rural Livelihoods: Science and Practice, pp. 282-295. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 9781405191425.

Checkley, D.M., Bakun, A., Barange, M., Castro, L.R., Fron, P., Guevara-Carrasco, R., Herrick, S.F., MacCall, A.D., Ommer, R.E., Oozeki, Y., Roy, C., Shannon, L. and Van der Lingen, C. 2009. Synthesis and perspective. In D. Checkley, J. Alheit, Y, Oozeki and C. Roy (Eds.), Climate Change and Small Pelagic Fish, pp. 344-351. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521884822.

Day, J.A. 2009. Rivers and wetlands. In H.A. Strydom and N.D. King (Eds.), Environmental Management in South Africa, pp. 842-867. Second edition. Cape Town: Juta. 9780702181344.

Griffiths, C.L., Robinson, T. and Mead, A. 2009. The status and distribution of marine alien species in South Africa. In G. Rilov and J.A. Crooks (Eds.), Biological Invasions in Marine Ecosystems: Ecological, Management and Geographic Perspectives, pp. 393-406. Berlin: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. ISBN 9783540792352.

Impson, F.A.C., Hoffmann, J.H. and Kleinjan, C.A. 2009. Australian Acacia species (Mimosaceae) in South Africa. In R. Muniappan, G.V.P. Reddy and A. Raman (Eds.), Biological Control of Tropical Weeds using Arthropods, pp. 38-62. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521877916.

Ommer, R.E., Jarre, A.C., Perry, R.I., Barange, M., Cochrane, K. and Moloney, C.L. 2009. Human dimensions of the fisheries under global change. In D. Checkley, J. Alheit, Y. Oozeki and C. Roy (Eds.), Climate Change and Small Pelagic Fish, pp. 275-284. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521884822.

Shannon, L., Coll, M., Neira Alarcon, S., Cury, P. and Roux, J. 2009. Impacts of fishing and climate change explored using tropic models. In D. Checkley, J. Alheit, Y. Oozeki and C. Roy (Eds.), Climate Change and Small Pelagic Fish, pp. 158-190. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521884822.

Van Klinken, R., Hoffmann, J.H., Zimmermann, H.G. and Roberts, A.P. 2009. Prosopis species (Leguminosae). In R. Muniappan, G.V.P. Reddy and A. Raman (Eds.), Biological Control of Tropical Weeds using Arthropods, pp. 353-377. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521877916.

Zimmermann, H.G., Moran, V.C. and Hoffmann, J.H. 2009. Invasive cactus species (Cactaceae). In R. Muniappan, G.V.P. Reddy and A. Raman (Eds.), Biological Control of Tropical Weeds using Arthropods, pp. 108-129. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521877916.

Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals

Altwegg, R. and Anderson, M. 2009. Rainfall in arid zones: possible effects of climate change on the population ecology of blue cranes. Functional Ecology, 23(5): 1014-1021.

Amis, M.A., Rouget, M., Lotter, M. and Day, J.A. 2009. Integrating freshwater and terrestrial priorities in conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 142: 2217-2226.

Angel, A., Wanless, R. and Cooper, J. 2009. Review of impacts of the introduced house mouse on islands in the Southern Ocean: are mice equivalent to rats? Biological Invasions, 11: 1743-1754.

Bell, M.B.V., Radford, A.N., Rose, R., Wade, H.M. and Ridley, M. 2009. The value of constant surveillance in a risky environment. Proceedings of the Royal Society B -Biological Sciences, 276: 2997-3005.

Best, P.B., Glass, J., Ryan, P.G. and Dalebout, M.L. 2009. Cetacean records from Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 89: 1023-1032.

Bester, M., Ryan, P.G. and Visagie, J. 2009. Summer survey of fur seals at Prince Edward Island, southern Indian Ocean. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(3): 451-455.

Biard, C., Gil, D., Karadaş, F., Saino, N., Spottiswoode, C., Surai, P.F. and Møller, A.P. 2009. Maternal effects mediated by antioxidants and the evolution of carotenoid-based signals in birds. American Naturalist, 174(5): 696-708.

Bijleveld, A.I. and Mullers, R.H.E. 2009. Reproductive effort in biparental care: an experimental study in long-lived Cape Gannets. Behavioral Ecology, 20: 736-744.

Blamey, L. and Branch, G.M. 2009. Habitat diversity relative to wave action on rocky shores: implications for the selection of marine protected areas. Aquatic Conservation - Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 19(6): 645-657.

Blanchette, C.A., Wieters, E., Broitman, B.R., Kinlan, B.P. and Schiel, D.R. 2009. Trophic structure and diversity in rocky intertidal upwelling ecosystems: a comparison of community patterns across California, Chile, South Africa and New Zealand. Progress in Oceanography, 83: 107-116.

Bollmohr, S., Schulz, R. and Hahn, T. 2009. Interactive effect of salinity decrease, salinity adaptation, and chlorpyrifos exposure on an estuarine harpacticoid copepod, Mesochra parva, in South Africa. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 72(3): 756-764.

Boyes, S. and Perrin, M. 2009. Flocking dynamics and roosting behaviour of Meyers parrot (Poicephalus meyeri) in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. African Zoology, 44: 181-193.

Boyes, S. and Perrin, M. 2009. The feeding ecology of Meyers Parrot Poicephalus meyeri in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Ostrich, 80(3): 153-164.

Braby, J., Braby, R., Braby, N. and Simmons, R.E. 2009. Protecting Damara Terns Sterna balaenarum from recreational disturbance in the Namib Desert increases breeding density and overall success. Ostrich, 80: 71-75.

Brischoux, F. and Cook, T. 2009. Juniors seek an end to the Impact Factor Race. Bioscience, 59: 638-639.

Chakona, A., Phiri, C. and Day, J.A. 2009. Potential for Trichoptera communities as biological indicators of morphological degradation in riverine systems. Hydrobiologia, 621: 155-167.

Child, M. 2009. The Thoreau Ideal as a unifying thread in the conservation movement. Conservation Biology, 23: 241-243.

Child, M., Cumming, G.S. and Amano, T. 2009. Assessing the broad-scale impact of agriculturally transformed and protected area landscapes on avian taxonomic and functional richness. Biological Conservation, 142: 2593-2601.

Chinsamy-Turan, A. and Tumarkin-Deratzian, A.T. 2009. Pathologic bone tissues in a turkey vulture and a nonavian Dinosaur: implications for interpreting endosteal bone and radial fibrolamellar bone in fossil Dinosaurs. Anatomical Record - Advances In Integrative Anatomy And Evolutionary Biology, 292(9): 1478-1484.

Chinsamy-Turan, A., Codorniu, L. and Chiappe, L. 2009. Palaeobiological implications of the bone histology of Pterodaustro guinazui. Anatomical Record - Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, 292(9): 1462-1477.

Clark, B.M. 2009. Introduction: The Berg River Baseline Monitoring Programme. Transactions of The Royal Society of South Africa, 64(2): 95.

Clark, B.M., Hutchings, K. and Lamberth, S. 2009. Long-term variations in composition and abundance of fish in the Berg Estuary, South Africa. Transactions of The Royal Society of South Africa, 64(2): 238-258.

Clark, B.M., Impson, N. and Rall, J. 2009. Present status and historical changes in the fish fauna of the Berg River, South Africa. Transactions of The Royal Society of South Africa, 64(2): 142-163.

Cochrane, K., Augustyn, C.J., Fairweather, T.P., Japp, D, Kilongo, K., Litembu, J., Moroff, N., Roux, J., Shannon, L., Van Zyl, B. and Vaz Velho, F. 2009. Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem governance and management for an ecosystem approach to fisheries in the region. Coastal Management, 37: 235-254.

Colabuono, F.I., Barquete, V., Domingues, B.S. and Montone, R.C. 2009. Plastic ingestion by Procellariiformes in Southern Brazil. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 58(1): 93-96.

Converse, S.J., Kendall, W.L., Doherty, P.F. and Ryan, P.G. 2009. Multistate models for estimation of survival and reproduction in the Grey-headed Albatross (Thalassarche chrysostoma). Auk, 126(1): 77-88.

Cooper, J., Bester, M., Chown, S., Crawford, R.J.M., Daly, R., Heyns, E., Lamont, T., Ryan, P.G. and Shaw, J.D. 2009. Biological survey of the Prince Edward Islands, December 2008. South African Journal of Science, 105: 317-320.

Crawford, R.J.M. 2009. A recent increase of swift terns Thalasseus bergii off South Africa - the possible influence of an altered abundance and distribution of prey. Progress in Oceanography, 83: 398-403.

Crawford, R.J.M., Ryan, P.G., Dyer, B.M. and Upfold, L. 2009. Recent trends in numbers of Crozet shags breeding at the Prince Edward Islands. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(3): 427-430.

Crawford, R.J.M., Underhill, L.G., Altwegg, R., Dyer, B.M. and Upfold, L. 2009. Trends in numbers of Kelp Gulls Larus dominicanus off western South Africa, 1978-2007. Ostrich, 80(3): 139-143.

Cumming, G.S. and Child, M. 2009. Contrasting spatial patterns of taxonomic and functional richness offer insights into potential loss of ecosystem services. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences, 364: 1683-1692.

Cumming, G.S. and George, A. 2009. Historical influences dominate the composition of regenerating plant communities in abandoned citrus groves in north-central Florida. Landscape Ecology, 24(7): 957-970.

Cuthbert, R., Cooper, J., Burle, M.-H., Glass, C.J., Glass, J., Glass, S., Glass, T. Hilton, G., Sommer, E., Wanless, R. and Ryan, P.G. 2009. Population trends and conservation status of the Northern Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes moseleyi at Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island. Bird Conservation International, 19: 109-120.

Daniels, S.R., Picker, M.D., Cowlin, R.M. and Hamer, M.L. 2009. Unravelling evolutionary lineages among South African velvet worms (Onychophora: Peripatopsis) provides evidence for widespread cryptic speciation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 97(1): 200-216.

De Bruyn, P.A., Moloney, C.L. and Schleyer, M.H. 2009. Application of age-structured production models to assess oyster Striostrea margaritacea populations managed by rotational harvesting in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66(2): 408-419.

De Ponte Machade, M., Feldheim, K., Sellas, A.B. and Bowie, R.C.K. 2009. Development and characterization of microsatellite loci from the Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus) and widespread application to other members of the Pelecanidae. Conservation Genetics, 10(4): 1033-1036.

Dean, W.R.J., Barnard, P. and Anderson, M. 2009. When to stay, when to go: trade-offs for southern African arid-zone birds in times of drought. South African Journal of Science, 105(1): 24-28.

Dorchin, N., Hoffmann, J.H., Stirk, W.A., Novák, O., Strnad, M. and Van Staden, J. 2009. Sexually dimorphic gall structures correspond to differential phytohormone contents in male and female wasp larvae. Physiological Entomology, 34: 359-369.

Downs, C., Boix-Hinzen, C. and Brown, M. 2009. Development and functional significance of dorsal air bags in nestlings of Monteiro's Hornbill Tockus monteiri. Ostrich, 80: 53-58.

Durant, J.M., Hjermann, D., Frederiksen, M., Charrassin, J.B., Le Maho, Y., Sabarros, P.S., Crawford, R.J.M. and Stenseth, N.C. 2009. Pros and cons of using seabirds as ecological indicators. Climate Research, 39(2): 115-129.

Eberhard, M.J.B., Pass, G., Picker, M.D., Beutel, R., Predel, R. and Gorb, S.N. 2009. Structure and function of the Arolium of Mantophasmatodea (Insecta). Journal of Morphology, 270(10): 1247-1261.

Eberhard, M.J.B., Picker, M.D. and Pass, G. 2009. Arolium XXL: a special foot pad characterizes the new insect order Mantophasmatodea. Journal of Morphology, 269(12): 1488-1488.

Eising, C.M., Robles, R., Lasthuizen, M. and Groothuis, T.G.G. 2009. Lesser double-collared sunbirds Nectarinia chalybea do not compensate for hatching asynchrony by adjusting egg mass or yolk androgens. Journal of Avian Biology, 40: 635-639.

Fischhoff, I.R., Dushoff, J., Sundaresan, S.R., Cordingley, J.E. and Rubenstein, D.I. 2009. Reproductive status influences group size and persistence of bonds in male plains zebra (Equus burchelli). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63: 1035-1043.

Fort, J., Porter, W.P. and Grémillet, D. 2009. Thermodynamic modelling predicts energetic bottleneck for seabirds wintering in the northwest Atlantic. Journal of Experimental Biology, 212: 2483-2490.

Fuchs, J., Pasquet, E., Couloux, A., Fjeldså, J. and Bowie, R.C.K. 2009. A new Indo-Malayan member of the Stenostiridae (Aves: Passeriformes) revealed by multilocus sequence data: Biogeographical implications for a morphologically diverse clade of flycatchers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 53: 384-393.

Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E., Attwood, C.G. and Sauer, W.H.H. 2009. A change of the seaward boundary of Goukamma Marine Protected Area could increase conservation and fishery benefits. South African Journal of Science, 105(9-10): 330-331.

Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E., Attwood, C.G. and Sauer, W.H.H. 2009. Effects of fishing on a temperate reef community in South Africa 1: ichthyofauna. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(2): 241-251.

Götz, A., Kerwath, S.E., Attwood, C.G. and Sauer, W.H.H. 2009. Effects of fishing on a temperate reef community in South Africa 2: benthic invertebrates and algae. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(2): 253-262.

Gäde, G. 2009. Peptides of the adipokinetic hormone/red pigment-concentrating hormone family: a new take on biodiversity. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1163: 125-136.

Gäde, G. and Marco, H. 2009. Flight-related metabolism and its regulatory peptides in the spittle bug Locris arithmetica (Cicadomorpha: Cercopidae) and the stink bugs Nezara viridula (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) and Encosternum delegorguei (Heteroptera: Tessaratomidae). Journal of Insect Physiology, 55: 1134-1144.

Gäde, G. and Marco, H. 2009. Peptides of the adipokinetic hormone/red pigment-concentrating hormone family with special emphasis on Caelifera: primary sequences and functional considerations contrasting grasshoppers and locusts. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 162(1): 59-68.

Gäde, G., Šimek, P. and Marco, H. 2009. The first identified neuropeptide in the insect order Megaloptera: a novel member of the adipokinetic hormone family in the alderfly Sialis lutaria. Peptides, 30(3): 477-482.

Geselbracht, L., Torres, R., Cumming, G.S., Dorfman, D., Beck, M. and Shaw, D. 2009. Identification of a spatially efficient portfolio of priority conservation sites in marine and estuarine areas of Florida. Aquatic Conservation - Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 19: 408-420.

Green, R.E., Barnes, K.N. and Brooke, M. 2009. How the longspur won its spurs: a study of claw and toe length in ground-dwelling passerine birds. Journal of Zoology, 277(2): 126-133.

Griffiths, C.L., Mead, A. and Robinson, T. 2009. A brief history of marine bio-invasions in South Africa. African Zoology, 44(2): 241-247.

Hampton, S., Ryan, P.G. and Underhill, L.G. 2009. The effect of flipper banding on the breeding success of African Penguins Spheniscus demersus at Boulders Beach, South Africa. Ostrich, 80(2): 77-80.

Hockey, P.A.R. and Curtis, O. 2009. Use of basic biological information for rapid prediction of the response of species to habitat loss. Conservation Biology, 23: 64-71.

Hockey, P.A.R. and Midgley, G.F. 2009. Avian range changes and climate change: a cautionary tale from the Cape Peninsula. Ostrich, 80(1): 2934.

Hockman, D., Mason, M., Jacobs, D.S. and Illing, N. 2009. The role of early development in mammalian limb diversification: a descriptive comparison of early limb development between the natal long-fingered bat (Miniopterus natalensis) and the mouse (Mus musculus). Developmental Dynamics, 238(4): 965-979.

Hockman, D., Picker, M.D., Klass, K.-D. and Pretorius, L. 2009. Postembryonic development of the unique antenna of Mantophasmatodea (Insecta). Arthropod Structure & Development, 38(2): 125-133.

Houniet, D., Thuiller, W. and Tolley, K.A. 2009. Potential effects of predicted climate change on the endemic South African Dwarf Chameleons, Bradypodion. African Journal of Herpetology, 58: 28-35.

Hutchings, L., Van der Lingen, C.D., Shannon, L.J., Crawford, R.J.M., Verheye, H.M.S., Bartholomae, C., Van der Plas, A.K., Louw, D., Kreiner, A., Ostrowski, M., Fidel, Q., Barlow, R., Lamont, T., Coetzee, J., Shillington, F.A., Veitch, J., Currie, J.C. and Monteiro, P. 2009. The Benguela Current: an ecosystem of four components. Progress in Oceanography, 83: 15-32.

Jackson, G.E., Mabula, A.N., Stone, S., Gäde, G., Kövér, K.E., Szilágyi, L. and Van der Spoel, V.D.S. 2009. Solution conformations of an insect neuropeptide: crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP). Peptides, 30: 557-564.

Jacobs, D.S. 2009. Animal personality and biological markets: rise of the individual. African Zoology, 44(2): 271-282.

Jacobs, D.S. and Barclay R. 2009. Niche differentiation in two sympatric sibling bat species, Scotophilus dinganii and Scotophilus mhlanganii. Journal of Mammalogy, 90(4): 879-887.

Jasinoski, S., Rayfield, E. and Chinsamy-Turan, A. 2009. Comparative feeding biomechanics of Lystrosaurus and the generalized Dicynodont Oudenodon. Anatomical Record – Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, 292(6): 862-874.

Jerardino, A., Dewar, G. and Navarro, R.A. 2009. Opportunistic subsistence strategies among Late Holocene coastal hunter-gatherers, Elands Bay, South Africa. Journal of Island & Coastal Archaeology, 4: 37-60.

Jerardino, A., Horwitz, L., Mazel, A. and Navarro, R.A. 2009. Just before Van Riebeeck: glimpses into terminal LSA lifestyle at Connies Limpet Bar, West Coast of South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin, 64(189): 75-86.

Kaufmann, C., Merzendorfer, H. and Gäde, G. 2009. The adipokinetic hormone system in Culicinae (Diptera: Culicidae): molecular identification and characterization of two adipokinetic hormone (AKH) precursors from Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens and two putative AKH receptor variants from A. aegypti. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 39: 770-781.

Kemp, L.V., Branch, G.M., Attwood, C.G. and Lamberth, S. 2009. The fishery in South Africas remaining coastal stonewall fish traps. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(1): 55-62.

Kerwath, S.E., Thorstad, E.B., Næsje, T.F., Cowley, P., Kland, F., Wilke, C. and Attwood, C.G. 2009. Crossing invisible boundaries: the effectiveness of the Langebaan Lagoon Marine Protected Area as a harvest refuge for a migratory fish species in South Africa. Conservation Biology, 23(3): 653-661.

Kirkman, S.P. 2009. Evaluating seal-seabird interactions in southern Africa: a critical review. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(1): 1-18.

Kotze, S.H., Van der Merwe, E.L., Ndou, R., O'Riain, M.J. and Bennett, N. 2009. The colonic groove or furrow: a comparative morphological study of six species of African mole-rats (Rodentia, Bathyergidae). Journal of Morphology, 270: 966-975.

Lamberth, S., Drapeau, L. and Branch, G.M. 2009. The effects of altered freshwater inflows on catch rates of non-estuarine-dependent fish in a multispecies near shore line fishery. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 84(4): 527-538.

Lannas, K. and Turpie, J.K. 2009. Valuing the provisioning services of wetlands: contrasting a rural wetland in Lesotho with a peri-urban wetland in South Africa. Ecology and Society, 14(2): 18. [online] URL:

Lanterbecq, D., Hempson, T., Griffiths, C.L. and Eeckhaut, I. 2009. Myzostoma fuscomaculatum (Myzostomida), a new myzostome species from False Bay, South Africa. Hydrobiologia, 619(1): 145-154.

Lennox, C.L., Hoffmann, J.H., Coutinho, T.A. and Roques, A. 2009. A threat of exacerbating the spread of pitch canker precludes further consideration of a cone weevil, Pissodes validirostris, for biological control of invasive pines in South Africa. Biological Control, 50(2): 179-184.

Lindemans, M., Liu, F., Janssen, T., Husson, S.J., Mertens, I., Gäde, G. and Schoofs, L. 2009. Adipokinetic hormone signaling through the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor modulates egg-laying in Caenorhabditis elegans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(5): 1642-1647.

Lloyd, P., Taylor, W.A., Du Plessis, M.A. and Martin, T. 2009. Females increase reproductive investment in response to helper-mediated improvements in allo-feeding, nest survival, nestling provisioning and post-fledging survival in the Karoo scrub-robin Cercotrichas coryphaeus. Journal of Avian Biology, 40(4): 400-411.

Lorenz, M.W. and Gäde, G. 2009. Hormonal regulation of energy metabolism in insects as a driving force for performance. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 49(4): 380-392.

Mackinson, S., Daskalov, G., Heymans, J.J., Neira, S., Arancibia, H., Zetina-Rejn, M., Jiang, H., Cheng, H.Q., Coll, M., Arreguin-Sanchez, F., Keeble, K. and Shannon, L. 2009. Which forcing factors fit? Using ecosystem models to investigate the relative influence of fishing and changes in primary productivity on the dynamics of marine ecosystems. Ecological Modelling, 220(21): 2972-2987.

Makhado, A., Meyer, M., Crawford, R.J.M., Underhill, L.G. and Wilke, C. 2009. The efficacy of culling seals seen preying on seabirds as a means of reducing seabird mortality. African Journal of Ecology, 47(3): 335-340.

Malan, G., Seoraj-Pillai, N. and Du Plessis, M.A. 2009. Alarm calls of Bronze Mannikins communicate predator size to familiar conspecifics. Ostrich, 80(3): 177-184.

Malan, H.L., Appleton, C.C., Day, J.A. and Dini, J. 2009. Wetlands and invertebrate disease hosts: are we asking for trouble? Water SA, 35(5): 753-768.

Maphisa, D.H., Donald, P.F., Buchanan, G.M. and Ryan, P.G. 2009. Habitat use, distribution and breeding ecology of the globally threatened Rudd’s Lark and Botha’s Lark in eastern South Africa. Ostrich, 80(1): 1928.

Marr, S., Sutcliffe, L.M.E., Day, J.A., Griffiths, C.L. and Skelton, P.H. 2009. Conserving the fishes of the Twee River, Western Cape, South Africa: revisiting the issues. African Journal of Aquatic Science, 34(1): 77-85.

Maseng, M.R., Christison, K. and Griffiths, C.L. 2009. Risk analysis of potential transmission and implications of exotic Gyrodactylus spp. on cultured and wild cyprinids in the Western Cape. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association - Tydskrif Van die Suid-Afrikaanse Veterinere Vereniging, 80(2): 131-132.

Masubelele, M. L., Foxcroft, L. and Milton, S. 2009. Alien plant species list and distribution for Camdeboo National Park, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Koedoe: Research Journal of the South African National Parks, 51: 1-10.

Mathenge, C., Holford, P., Hoffmann, J.H., Spooner-Hart, R., Beattie, G.A.C. and Zimmermann, H.G. 2009. The biology of Dactylopius tomentosus (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 99: 551-559.

Mathenge, C., Holford, P., Hoffmann, J.H., Zimmermann, H.G., Spooner-Hart, R. and Beattie, G.A.C. 2009. Distinguishing suitable biotypes of Dactylopius tomentosus (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae) for biological control of Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida (Caryophyllales: Cactaceae) in South Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 99: 619-627.

Melo, M. and Dallimer, M. 2009. Is there an undiscovered endemic scops owl Otus sp. on Príncipe Island? Malimbus, 31: 109-115.

Mills, M. 2009. Vocalisations of Angoland birds: new descriptions and other notes. Bulletin of the African Bird Club, 16: 150-166.

Moore, C.M., Mills, M.M., Achterberg, E.P., Geider, R.J., LaRoche, J., Lucas, M.I., McDonagh, E.L., Pan, X., Poulton, A., Rijkenberg, M.J.A., Suggett, D.J., Ussher, S.J. and Woodward, E.M.S. 2009. Large-scale distribution of Atlantic nitrogen fixation controlled by iron availability. Nature Geoscience, 2(12): 867-871.

Morin, L., Van der Merwe, M., Hartley, D. and Muller, P.A. 2009. Putative natural hybrid between Puccinia lagenophorae and an unknown rust fungus on Senecio madagascariensis in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Mycological Research, 113: 725-736.

Moseley, C., Cramer, M.D., Kleinjan, C.A. and Hoffmann, J.H. 2009. Why does Dasineura dielsi-induced galling of Acacia cyclops not impede vegetative growth? Journal of Applied Ecology, 46: 214-222.

Mullers, R.H.E., Navarro, R., Crawford, R. and Underhill, L.G. 2009. The importance of lipid-rich fish prey for Cape Gannet chick growth: are fishery discards an alternative? ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66(10): 2244-2252.

Mullers, R.H.E., Navarro, R.A., Daan, S., Tinbergen, J.M. and Meijer, H.A.J. 2009. Energetic costs of foraging in breeding Cape gannets Morus capensis. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 393: 161-171.

Napier, V., Turpie, J.K. and Clark, B.M. 2009. Value and management of the subsistence fishery at Knysna Estuary, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(3): 297-310.

Neira, S., Moloney, C.L., Cury, P., Mullon, C. and Christensen, V. 2009. Mechanisms affecting recovery in an upwelling food web: the case of the southern Humboldt. Progress in Oceanography, 83: 404-416.

Nguembock, B., Cibois, A., Bowie, R.C.K., Cruaud, C. and Pasquet, E. 2009. Phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Illadopsis (Passeriformes: Timaliidae) reveal the complexity of diversification of some African taxa. Journal of Avian Biology, 40: 113-125.

Okes, N., Hockey, P.A.R., Pichegru, L., Van der Lingen, C.D., Crawford, R. and Grémillet, D. 2009. Competition for shifting resources in the southern Benguela upwelling: seabirds versus purse-seine fisheries. Biological Conservation, 142: 2361-2368.

Ollerton, J., Masinde, S., Meve, U., Picker, M.D. and Whittington, A. 2009. Fly pollination in Ceropegia (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae): biogeographic and phylogenetic perspectives. Annals of Botany, 103(9): 1501-1514.

Oschadleus, H.D. 2009. An irruption of Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea in the Western Cape province, South Africa. Ostrich, 80(3): 193-196.

Oschadleus, H.D. 2009. Correct name of the Red-headed Weaver Anaplectes rubriceps. Ostrich, 80(2): 121-122.

Perez, J.A.A., Silva, T.N., Schroeder, R., Schwarz, R. and Martins, R. 2009. Biological patterns of the Argentine shortfin squid Illex argentinus in the slope trawl fishery off Brazil. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 37(3): 409-427.

Petersen, S., Honig, M., Ryan, P.G. and Underhill, L.G. 2009. Seabird bycatch in the pelagic longline fishery off southern Africa. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(2): 191-204.

Petersen, S., Honig, M., Ryan, P.G., Nel, R. and Underhill, L.G. 2009. Turtle bycatch in the pelagic longline fishery off southern Africa. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(1): 87-96.

Petersen, S., Honig, M., Ryan, P.G., Underhill, L.G. and Compagno, L. 2009. Pelagic shark bycatch in the tuna- and swordfish-directed longline fishery off southern Africa. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(2): 215-225.

Petersen, S., Honig, M., Ryan, P.G., Underhill, L.G. and Goren, M. 2009. Seabird bycatch in the demersal longline fishery off southern Africa. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(2): 205-214.

Pichegru, L., Ryan, P.G., Le Bohec, C., Van der Lingen, C.D., Navarro, R., Petersen, S., Van der Westhuizen, J. and Grémillet, D. 2009. Overlap between vulnerable top predators and fisheries in the Benguela upwelling system: implications for marine protected areas. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 391: 199-208.

Pillay, D. and Perissinotto, R. 2009. Community structure of epibenthic meiofauna in the St. Lucia Estuarine Lake (South Africa) during a drought phase. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 81(1): 94-104.

Pillay, D., Branch, G.M. and Steyn, A. 2009. Complex effects of the gastropod Assiminea globulus on benthic community structurein a marine-dominated lagoon. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 380: 47-52.

Pollard, R.T., Salter, I., Sanders, R., Lucas, M.I., Moore, M., Mills, R.A., Statham, P., Allen, J.T., Baker, A.R., Bakker, D.C.E., Charette, M. A., Fielding, S., Fones, G.R., French, M., Hickman, A.E., Holland, R.J., Hughes, J.A., Jickells, T.D., Lampitt, R.S., Morris, P.J., Nédélec, F.H., Nielsdóttir, M., Planquette, H., Popova, E.E., Poulton, A., Read, J.F., Seeyave, S., Smith, T., Stinchcombe, M., Taylor, S., Thomalla, S., Venables, H.J., Williamson, R. and Zubkov, M.V. 2009. Southern Ocean deep-water carbon export enhanced by natural iron fertilization. Nature, 457(7229): 577-581.

Rahlao, S.J., Milton, S., Esler, K., Van Wilgen, B. and Barnard, P. 2009. Effects of invasion of fire-free arid shrublands by a fire-promoting invasive alien grass (Pennisetum setaceum) in South Africa. Austral Ecology, 34: 920-928.

Ractliffe, S. 2009. The hydrological characteristics of the Berg River. Transactions of The Royal Society of South Africa, 64(2): 96-118.

Reed, C.C., Basson, L. and Van As, L. 2009. First record of a myxozoan of the genus Sphaeromyxa Thélohan, 1892 (Myxozoa: Bivalvulida) from the tip of Africa. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 29(2): 73-76.

Remisiewicz, M., Tree, A.J., Underhill, L.G., Gustowska, A. and Taylor, P.B. 2009. Extended primary moult as an adaptation of adult Wood Sandpipers Tringa glareola to their freshwater habitats in southern Africa. Ardea, 97: 271-280.

Ribeiro, A., Lloyd, P., Feldheim, K. and Bowie, R.C.K. 2009. Microsatellites in the Karoo scrub-robin, Cercotrichas coryphaeus (Passeriformes: Muscicapinae): isolation and characterization of 13 autosomal and two sex-linked loci. Molecular Ecology Resources (Formerly Molecular Ecology Notes), 9(2): 636-638.

Ridley, M. and Child, M. 2009. Specific targeting of host individuals by a kleptoparasitic bird. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63: 1119-1126.

Rondon, X.J., Gorchov, D.L. and Noble, R.B.J.R. 2009. Projection of tree growth and timber volume following strip clear-cutting in the Peruvian Amazon. Forest Ecology and Management, 257: 588-599.

Ropert-Coudert, Y., Daunt, F., Kato, A., Ryan, P.G., Lewis, S., Kobayashi, K., Mori, Y., Grémillet, D. and Wanless, S. 2009. Underwater wing beats extend depth and duration of plunge dives in northern gannets Morus bassanus. Journal of Avian Biology, 40: 380-387.

Roth, S., Fromm, B., Gäde, G. and Predel, R. 2009. A proteomic approach for studying insect phylogeny: CAPA peptides of ancient insect taxa (Dictyoptera, Blattoptera) as a testcase. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 9(50): 1-12.

Ryan, P.G., Jones, M., Dyer, B.M., Upfold, L. and Crawford, R.J.M. 2009. Recent population estimates and trends in numbers of albatrosses and giant petrels breeding at the sub-Antarctic Prince Edward Islands. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(3): 409-417.

Ryan, P.G., Moore, C.J., Van Franeker, J.A. and Moloney, C.L. 2009. Monitoring the abundance of plastic debris in the marine environment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences, 364: 1999-2012.

Ryan, P.G., Whittington, P. and Crawford, R.J.M. 2009. A tale of two islands: contrasting fortunes for sub-Antarctic skuas at the Prince Edward Islands. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(3): 431-437.

Scovronick, N. and Turpie, J.K. 2009. Is enhanced tourism a reasonable expectation for transboundary conservation? An evaluation of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Environmental Conservation, 36: 149-156.

Seeyave, S., Probyn, T., Pitcher, G., Lucas, M.I. and Purdie, D.A. 2009. Nitrogen nutrition in assemblages dominated by Pseudo-nitzschia spp., Alexandrium catenella and Dinophysis acuminata off the west coast of South Africa. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 379: 91-107.

Seymour, C. 2009. Protege Ziziphus mucronata (Rhamnaceae) show no negative effects of competition with the nurse tree Acacia (Leguminaceae), even as adults. Journal of Vegetation Science, 20: 926-934.

Shannon, L., Coll, M. and Neira, S. 2009. Exploring the dynamics of ecological indicators using food web models fitted to time series of abundance and catch data. Ecological Indicators, 9(6): 1078-1095.

Simmons, R.E. and Legra, L.A.T. 2009. Is the Papuan Harrier a globally threatened species? Ecology, climate change threats and first population estimates from Papua New Guinea. Bird Conservation International, 19: 379-391.

Sirami, C., Seymour, C.L., Midgley, G. and Barnard, P. 2009. The impact of shrub encroachment on savanna bird diversity from local to regional scale. Diversity and Distributions, 15: 948-957.

Sithaldeen, R., Bishop, J. and Ackermann, R. 2009. Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals Plio-Pleistocene diversification within the chacma baboon. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 53: 1042-1048.

Skern-Mauritzen, M., Kirkman, S.P., Olsen, E., Bjørge, A., Drapeau, L., Meÿer, M.A., Roux, J., Swanson, S. and Oosthuizen, H. 2009. Do inter-colony differences in Cape fur seal foraging behaviour reflect large-scale changes in the Northern Benguela Ecosystem? African Journal of Marine Science, 31(3): 399-408.

Smith, L. and Gordon, A.J. 2009. A need for an additional biological control agent on Hakea sericea Schrad. & J.C. Wendl. (Proteaceae) in South Africa. African Entomology, 17(2): 200-206.

Sono, S., Moloney, C.L. and Van der Lingen, C.D. 2009. Assessing the utility of a continuous, underway fish egg sampler (CUFES) for sampling zooplankton. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(2): 181-189.

Spottiswoode, C. 2009. Fine-scale life-history variation in sociable weavers in relation to colony size. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78: 504-512.

Techow, N., Ryan, P.G. and O'Ryan, C. 2009. Phylogeography and taxonomy of White-chinned and Spectacled Petrels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52: 25-33.

Teske, P., McLay, C.L., Sandoval-Castillo, J., Papadopoulos, I., Newman, B.K., Griffiths, C.L., McQuaid, C., Barker, N., Borgonie, G. and Beheregaray, L.B. 2009. Tri-locus sequence data reject a Gondwanan origin hypothesis for the African/South Pacific crab genus Hymenosoma. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 53(1): 23-33.

Thorstad, E.B., Kerwath, S.E., Attwood, C.G., Økland, F., Wilke, C., Cowley, P. and Næsje, T.F. 2009. Long-term effects of two sizes of surgically implanted acoustic transmitters on a predatory marine fish (Pomatomus saltatrix). Marine and Freshwater Research, 60(2): 183-186.

Tjørve, K.M.C. and Underhill, L.G. 2009. Growth and its relationship to fledging success of African black oystercatcher Haematopus moquini chicks. Zoology, 112(1): 27-37.

Travers, M. Shin, Y., Jennings, S., Machu, E., Huggett, J.A., Field, J.G. and Cury, P. 2009. Two-way coupling versus one-way forcing of plankton and fish models to predict ecosystem changes in the Benguela. Ecological Modelling, 220: 3089-3099.

Tunley, K.L., Attwood, C.G., Moloney, C.L. and Fairhurst, L. 2009. Variation in population structure and life-history parameters of steentjies Spondyliosoma emarginatum: effects of exploitation and biogeography. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(2): 133-143.

Underhill, L.G., Sherley, R.B., Dyer, B.M. and Crawford, R.J.M. 2009. Interactions between snakes and seabirds on Robben, Schaapen and Meeuw Islands, Western Cape province, South Africa. Ostrich, 80(2): 115-118.

Voelker, G., Melo, M. and Bowie, R.C.K. 2009. A Gulf of Guinea island endemic is a member of a Mediterranean-centred bird genus. Ibis, 151: 580-583.

Wanless, R., Aguirre-Muoz, A., Angel, A. Jacobsen, J.K., Keitt, B.S. and McCann, J. 2009. Birds of Clarion Island, Revillagbigedo Archipelago, Mexico. Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 121(4): 745-751.

Wanless, R., Ryan, P.G., Altwegg, R., Angel, A., Cooper, J., Cuthbert, R. and Hilton, G. 2009. From both sides: dire demographic consequences of carnivorous mice and longlining for the critical endangered Tristan albatrosses on Gough Island. Biological Conservation, 142: 1710-1718.

Wheeler, M., De Villiers, M.S. and Majiedt, P.A. 2009. The effect of frequency and nature of pedestrian approaches on the behaviour of wandering albatrosses at sub-Antarctic Marion Island. Polar Biology, 32(2): 197-205.

Whittington, P., Crawford, R.J.M., Dyer, B.M. and Ryan, P.G. 2009. Estimates of numbers of kelp gulls and Kerguelen and Antarctic terns breeding at the Prince Edward Islands, 1996/1997 – 2008/2009. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(3): 439-444.

Wieters, E., Broitman, B.R. and Branch, G.M. 2009. Benthic community structure and spatiotemporal thermal regimes in two upwelling ecosystems: comparisons between South Africa and Chile. Limnology and Oceanography, 54(4): 1060-1072.

Williams, A.J., Petersen, S.L., Goren, M. and Watkins, B.P. 2009. Sightings of killer whales Orcinus orca from longline vessels in South African waters, and consideration of the regional conservation status. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(1): 81-86.

Wilson, G., Branch, G.M. and De Coito, P. 2009. Comparative salinity tolerances of four siphonariid limpets in relation to habitat restriction of the rare and endangered Siphonaria compressa. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(3): 311-318.

Wolfaardt, A., Underhill, L.G. and Crawford, R. 2009. Comparison of moult phenology of African penguins Spheniscus demersus at Robben and Dassen islands. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(1): 19-29.

Wolfaardt, A., Underhill, L.G. and Visagie, J. 2009. Breeding and moult phenology of African penguins Spheniscus demersus at Dassen Island. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(2): 119-132.

Wolfaardt, A., Williams, A.J., Underhill, L.G., Crawford, R. and Whittington, P. 2009. Review of the rescue, rehabilitation and restoration of oiled seabirds in South Africa, especially African penguins Spheniscus demersus and Cape gannets Morus capensis, 1983-2005. African Journal of Marine Science, 31(1): 31-54.

Yemane, D., Shin, Y. and Field, J. 2009. Exploring the effect of Marine Protected Areas on the dynamics of fish communities in the southern Benguela: an individual-based modelling approach. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66(2): 378-387.

Peer-reviewed published conference proceedings

Crowe, T. 2009. Management of southern African gamebirds: opportunities and threats. In S.B. Cederbaum, B.C. Faircloth, T.M. Terhune, J.J. Thompson and J.P. Carroll (Eds.), Proceedings of Gamebird 2006: A Joint Conference of Quail VI and Perdix XII, 31 May – 4 June 2006, Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA, pp. 11-15. ISBN 9780970388612.

Little, I., Wellendorf, S.D., Palmer, W.E. and Carroll, J.P. 2009. Effects of timber volume on northern bobwhite autumn abundance. In Cederbaum, S.B., Faircloth, B.C., Terhune, T.M., Thompson, J.J. and J.P. Carroll (Eds.), Proceedings of Gamebird 2006: A Joint Conference of Quail VI and Perdix XII, 31 May – 4 June 2006, Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA, pp. 178-183. ISBN 9780970388612.

Mlambo, M., Reed, C.C. and Day, J.A. 2009. Overview of temporary wetlands macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. In P.F.I. Arguimbau (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Meditarranean Temporary Ponds, 5-8 May 2009, pp. 203-213. Menorca: Institut Menorqui d'Estudis. ISBN 978849571723.

Doctoral dissertations

Colville, J.F. 2009. Understanding the evolutionary radiation of the megadiverse monkey beetle fauna (Scarabaeidae: Hopliini) of South Africa. 255pp. Supervised by M.D. Picker and J. Bishop.

Paxton, B.R. 2009. The influence of hydraulics, hydrology and temperature on the distribution, habitat use and recruitment of threatened cyprinids in a western cape river, South Africa. 170pp. Supervised by J. King and J. Cambray.

Makhado, A.B. 2009. Investigation of the impact of fur seals on the conservation status of seabirds at islands off South Africa and at the Prince Edward Islands. Supervised by L. Underhill, R. Crawford, R. and M. Bester.

Mao, A. 2009. An integrated approach to the conservation of freshwater ecosystems in South Africa. 154pp. Supervised by J. Day, M. Rouget and W. Thuiller.

Ractliffe, S.G. 2009. Disturbance and temporal variability in invertebrate assemblages in two South Africa Rivers. 289pp. Supervised by J. King and J. Field.

Ravasi, D.F.C. 2009. Gastrointestinal parasite infections in chacma baboons of the Cape Peninsula and the influence of individual, troop and anthropogenic factors. 189pp. Supervised by M.J. O’Riain.

Stevens, D.M. 2009. Systematics of the Notonemouridae (Plecoptera) of Southern Africa. 353pp. Supervised by M.D. Picker and J. Bishop.

Van Doorn, A. 2009. The interface between socioecology and management of chacma baboons (Papio ursinus) in the Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 209pp. Supervised by M.J. O’Riain.

Wheeler, M. 2009. The effects of human disturbance on the seabirds and seals at sub-Antarctic Marion Island. 250pp. Supervised by L. Underhill, M. de Villiers and M. Bester.

Yeld, E. 2009. Parasite assemblages of three endemic catshark species from the west and south coasts of South Africa. Supervised by C.L. Griffiths and N. Smit.

Master’s degrees (by research)

Haupt, T.M. 2009. History and status of oyster exploitation and culture in South Africa and the role of Crassostrea gigas as a vector for marine alien species. MSc. Supervised by C.L. Griffiths.

Klein, H. 2009. Wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) associated with galls in seedcapsules of Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Myrtaceae) in South Africa: species composition, trophic relationships and effects. MSc. 107pp. Supervised by J. Hoffmann.

Odendaal, L.J. 2009. Geographic variation in the echolocation calls of the endemic Cape Horseshoe bat Rhinolophus capensis. MSc. 84pp. Supervised by D.S. Jacobs.

Ketley, Z.A. 2009. Stream invertebrates and water temperature: evaluating thermal tolerances in the Cape Floristic Region (South Africa) - implications of climate change. MSc. Supervised by M.D. Picker, H. Dallas and C. Reed.

Lyons, C.-L. 2009. Evaluating restoration of alluvial diamond - mined sites in South Africa using invertebrate community indicators. MSc. 107pp. Supervised by M.D. Picker and P. Carrick.

Teroerde, A.I. 2009. The influence of mouth dynamics on the avifauna of intermittently open estuaries. MSc. Supervised by J. Turpie.

Wilson, W.A. 2009. Seasonal patterns in body temperature and behaviour in Cape Ground Squirrels, Xerus inauris, living in a semi-arid environment. MSc. 103pp. Supervised by M.J. O’Riain and A. Fuller.


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